gentes de la Confederación de Trabajadores de Venezuela. El Gobierno de
Venezuela protestó la intervención de Vermeulen y, ese mismo día, 25 de
abril de 1955, habiéndole declarado persona non grata, ordenó su salida del
país con destino a Curazao (Antillas Neerlandesas). Se abría una crisis di-
plomática que concluyó con la clausura de la V Conferencia del Petróleo y el
anuncio del retiro de Venezuela de la OIT.
Palabras clave: V Conferencia del Petróleo de la OIT, retiro de Venezuela de la
OIT 1955, Adrianus Vermeulen.
Adrianus Vermeulen: Persona non grata.
Sixty Years after Venezuela’s 1955 Withdrawal
from the ILO
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the announcement of the with-
drawal of Venezuela from the International Labour Organization by deci-
sion of the governing Military Junta that ruled the country in 1955. The
Fifth Petroleum Conference of the ILO had been convened to open in Cara-
cas on Monday, April 25th of that year. During the opening session in the
Aula Magna of University City, just after the intervention of the Venezuelan
Minister of Labour, the workers’ representative, Mr. Adrianus Vermeulen
(Netherlands, Secretary General of the Dutch Federation of Trade Unions
and deputy member of the ILO Governing Body) took the floor. In his speech
he stressed that the workers’ group of the governing body had opposed that
Venezuela host the Conference, under allegations of serious violations of the
right to freedom of association, including several cases of union leaders be-
ing imprisoned without being brought to trial. Among those prisoners were
the top leadership of the “Workers’ Confederation of Venezuela” (Confedera-
ción de Trabajadores de Venezuela). The Government of Venezuela pro-
tested against Mr. Vermeulen’s intervention, and that same day, April 25,
1955, declared him persona non grata and ordered his departure from the
country to Curacao (Netherlands, Antilles). In consequence, a diplomatic
crisis ensued leading to closure of the Vth Petroleum Conference and the an-
nouncement of Venezuela’s withdrawal from the ILO.
Key words: Venezuela, the fifth ILO Petroleum Conference, withdrawal of
Venezuela from the ILO, 1955, Adrianus Vermeulen.
_________________________________________ Revista Gaceta Laboral, Vol. 21, No. 1. 2015