beneficiado a las corporaciones trasnacionales y con ello se mantiene sin cambio los
flujos migratorios ya que los trabajadores, sobre todo los campesinos mexicanos se ven
enfrentados a la terrible competencia extranjera. El TLC ha llevado a la
desindustrialización del país y a una mayor desigualdad para la población mexicana, que
ha visto incrementado dramáticamente sus niveles de pobreza y desempleo.
El neoliberalismo con su objetivo de debilitar a la fuerza de trabajo para sobreexplotarla,
Palabras clave: Globalización, sobreexplotación de la fuerza de trabajo, inversiones
extranjeras, migración indocumentada, Tratado de Libre Comercio.
TLC: Labor Migration and Foreign Investment
This paper presents a proposal to study migratory flows based on the effect that foreign
investment (IE) has on this phenomenon. From my personal perspective, both
phenomenon, IE and migratory flows move in the same direction, and for this reason,
placing obstacles to these movements would have the result of affecting economic
development and the labor offer. In this study, the importance of attraction/expulsion
factors are emphasized since without taking them into consideration, it is difficult to fully
understand the migration phenomenon. Although presently it is questioned by certain
authors, some of which put more emphasis on phenomenon such as social networks to
explain migratory flows, from my point of view they are very important to consider. These
nets are a consequence of the migratory phenomenon, not its cause.
Under the theoretical proposal of this study we attempt to find in this historical process a
link between IE and migratory flows. I was able to confirm it up until the current
phenomenon of globalization. Capitalist strategy takes for granted that free markets for
capital and merchandise are opposed by the application of a series of laws that are highly
damaging to migratory flows and that these flows tend to follow these investments.
However, migratory flows continue to respond to the IE magnet but now these flows are
of illegal migrants, a situation which could be considered as characteristic of globalization.
With this phenomenon the labor force is undermined even more, which undoubtedly
affects the working class as a whole, and which promotes the objectives of neo-liberalism:
over-exploitation. It is not rare that the United States be the principal exporter of labor in
the world, and now also the principal receiver of direct foreign investment. The Free Trade
Agreement (TLC) signed between Mexico, the U.S. and Canada has benefited